Commercial Pilot Basic Requirements

Commercial Pilot.
Sec. 61.129 Aeronautical experience.
(a) For an airplane single-engine rating. Except as provided in paragraph
(i) of this section, a person who applies for a commercial pilot certificate
with an airplane category and single-engine class rating must log at least
250 hours of flight time as a pilot (of which 50 hours may have been
accomplished in an approved flight simulator or approved flight training
device that is representative of a single-engine airplane) that consists of
at least:
(1) 100 hours in powered aircraft, of which 50 hours must be in airplanes.
(2) 100 hours of pilot in command flight time, which includes at least--
(i) 50 hours in airplanes; and
(ii) 50 hours in cross-country flight in airplanes.
(3) 20 hours of training on the areas of operation listed in Sec.
61.127(b)(1) of this part that includes at least--
(i) 10 hours of instrument training of which at least 5 hours must be in a
single-engine airplane;
(ii) 10 hours of training in an airplane that has a retractable landing
gear, flaps, and a controllable pitch propeller, or is turbine-powered;
(iii) One cross-country flight of at least 2 hours in a single-engine
airplane in day VFR conditions, consisting of a total straight-line distance
of more than 100 nautical miles from the original point of departure;
(iv) One cross-country flight of at least 2 hours in a single-engine
airplane in night VFR conditions, consisting of a total straight-line
distance of more than 100 nautical miles from the original point of
departure; and
(v) 3 hours in a single-engine airplane in preparation for the practical
test within the 60-day period preceding the date of the test.
(4) 10 hours of solo flight in a single-engine airplane on the areas of
operation listed in Sec. 61.127(b)(1) of this part, which includes at least--
(i) One cross-country flight of not less than 300 nautical miles total
distance, with landings at a minimum of three points, one of which is a
straight-line distance of at least 250 nautical miles from the original
departure point. However, if this requirement is being met in Hawaii, the
longest segment need only have a straight-line distance of at least 150
nautical miles; and
(ii) 5 hours in night VFR conditions with 10 takeoffs and 10 landings (with
each landing involving a flight in the traffic pattern) at an airport with an
operating control tower.
Sec. 61.123 Eligibility requirements: General
To be eligible for a commercial pilot certificate, a person must:
(a) Be at least 18 years of age;
(b) Be able to read, speak, write, and understand the English language. If
the applicant is unable to meet one of these requirements due to medical
reasons, then the Administrator may place such operating limitations on that
applicant's pilot certificate as are necessary for the safe operation of the
aircraft.
(c) Receive a logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor who:
(1) Conducted the required ground training or reviewed the person's home
study on the aeronautical knowledge areas listed in Sec. 61.125 of this part
that apply to the aircraft category and class rating sought; and
(2) Certified that the person is prepared for the required knowledge test
that applies to the aircraft category and class rating sought.
(d) Pass the required knowledge test on the aeronautical knowledge areas
listed in Sec. 61.125 of this part;
(e) Receive the required training and a logbook endorsement from an
authorized instructor who:
(1) Conducted the training on the areas of operation listed in Sec.
61.127(b) of this part that apply to the aircraft category and class rating
sought; and
(2) Certified that the person is prepared for the required practical test.
(f) Meet the aeronautical experience requirements of this subpart that
apply to the aircraft category and class rating sought before applying for
the practical test;
(g) Pass the required practical test on the areas of operation listed in
Sec. 61.127(b) of this part that apply to the aircraft category and class
rating sought;
(h) Hold at least a private pilot certificate issued under this part or
meet the requirements of Sec. 61.73; and
(i) Comply with the sections of this part that apply to the aircraft
category and class rating sought.