Commercial Pilot Basic Requirements

Commercial Pilot.

Sec. 61.129 Aeronautical experience.

(a) For an airplane single-engine rating. Except as provided in paragraph

(i) of this section, a person who applies for a commercial pilot certificate

with an airplane category and single-engine class rating must log at least

250 hours of flight time as a pilot (of which 50 hours may have been

accomplished in an approved flight simulator or approved flight training

device that is representative of a single-engine airplane) that consists of

at least:

(1) 100 hours in powered aircraft, of which 50 hours must be in airplanes.

(2) 100 hours of pilot in command flight time, which includes at least--

(i) 50 hours in airplanes; and

(ii) 50 hours in cross-country flight in airplanes.

(3) 20 hours of training on the areas of operation listed in Sec.

61.127(b)(1) of this part that includes at least--

(i) 10 hours of instrument training of which at least 5 hours must be in a

single-engine airplane;

(ii) 10 hours of training in an airplane that has a retractable landing

gear, flaps, and a controllable pitch propeller, or is turbine-powered;

(iii) One cross-country flight of at least 2 hours in a single-engine

airplane in day VFR conditions, consisting of a total straight-line distance

of more than 100 nautical miles from the original point of departure;

(iv) One cross-country flight of at least 2 hours in a single-engine

airplane in night VFR conditions, consisting of a total straight-line

distance of more than 100 nautical miles from the original point of

departure; and

(v) 3 hours in a single-engine airplane in preparation for the practical

test within the 60-day period preceding the date of the test.

(4) 10 hours of solo flight in a single-engine airplane on the areas of

operation listed in Sec. 61.127(b)(1) of this part, which includes at least--

(i) One cross-country flight of not less than 300 nautical miles total

distance, with landings at a minimum of three points, one of which is a

straight-line distance of at least 250 nautical miles from the original

departure point. However, if this requirement is being met in Hawaii, the

longest segment need only have a straight-line distance of at least 150

nautical miles; and

(ii) 5 hours in night VFR conditions with 10 takeoffs and 10 landings (with

each landing involving a flight in the traffic pattern) at an airport with an

operating control tower.

Sec. 61.123 Eligibility requirements: General

To be eligible for a commercial pilot certificate, a person must:

(a) Be at least 18 years of age;

(b) Be able to read, speak, write, and understand the English language. If

the applicant is unable to meet one of these requirements due to medical

reasons, then the Administrator may place such operating limitations on that

applicant's pilot certificate as are necessary for the safe operation of the

aircraft.

(c) Receive a logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor who:

(1) Conducted the required ground training or reviewed the person's home

study on the aeronautical knowledge areas listed in Sec. 61.125 of this part

that apply to the aircraft category and class rating sought; and

(2) Certified that the person is prepared for the required knowledge test

that applies to the aircraft category and class rating sought.

(d) Pass the required knowledge test on the aeronautical knowledge areas

listed in Sec. 61.125 of this part;

(e) Receive the required training and a logbook endorsement from an

authorized instructor who:

(1) Conducted the training on the areas of operation listed in Sec.

61.127(b) of this part that apply to the aircraft category and class rating

sought; and

(2) Certified that the person is prepared for the required practical test.

(f) Meet the aeronautical experience requirements of this subpart that

apply to the aircraft category and class rating sought before applying for

the practical test;

(g) Pass the required practical test on the areas of operation listed in

Sec. 61.127(b) of this part that apply to the aircraft category and class

rating sought;

(h) Hold at least a private pilot certificate issued under this part or

meet the requirements of Sec. 61.73; and

(i) Comply with the sections of this part that apply to the aircraft

category and class rating sought.